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Glossary of Terms

Interstitial Cystitis – Interstitial Cystitis, also called painful bladder syndrome, is a pain disorder that is typically associated with symptoms of suprapubic pain related to bladder filling and accompanied by symptoms of urinary frequency in the absence of infections. Pain symptoms can include pressure, discomfort and/or burning in the urethral of vaginal areas. There are many courses of this disorder and many therapies – often with remarkable improvement in symptoms.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse – When the bladder, uterus, vagina or rectum has fallen. Once the fallen organ protrudes past the opening, surgery or a pessary is typically needed.

Tension–free Vaginal Tape (TVT) or Tension - free Vaginal Tape - Obiturator (TVT-O) or Tension-free Vaginal Tape-Secure (TVT-S) - A synthetic material is used during a surgical procedure where a sling is formed to support to the mid–urethra to help control stress incontinence. The difference between these three is whether the small incisions are made in the groin or abdominal area or just in the vagina.

Urinary Incontinence – Is the inability to control the bladder. It is common to a very slight degree in many patient’s, but is considered a significant problem when it limits your life or requires pads or change of clothes or underwear on a frequent basis.


Urinary Incontinence is not always preventable. However, you may be able to decrease your risk of urinary incontinence with these steps:

  • Maintain a healthy weight. By taking good care of yourself and keeping or getting your weight under control, you may be able to decrease your risk of urinary incontinence.
  • Don't smoke. Get help in quitting if you do smoke.
  • Be active. Physical activity reduces your risk of developing incontinence. Results from the Nurses' Health Study show that women in that study who participated in moderate amounts of low-impact physical activity were less likely to experience urinary incontinence....
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Pelvic Prolapse, Urinary Incontinence, Early Endometrial Cancer, Early Cervical Cancer, Ovarian Cysts, Pelvic Pain, Endometriosis, more...
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